Record number of dissertations at the School of Health and Welfare this spring

During April to June, no less than ten dissertations took place at the School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, on everything from weaning from mechanical ventilation to how new technology can support patients in psychiatry.

There have never been so many dissertations at the School of Health and Welfare in one semester - and will probably never happen again. For example, there were five dissertations in seven days in June, and at most there were seven dissertations "nailed" at the same time.

Maria Araceli Diaz defended her dissertation on April 7 with "Exploring vitamin D and steroid hormone receptors - from healthy elderly to prostate cancer cells".

The dissertation, which consists of four different papers, aims to increase knowledge about vitamin D receptors in health and disease and for this, these receptors were studied in healthy elderly individuals, from southwest Sweden, and in prostate cancer cells.

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On April 29, Cecilia Åberg defended her dissertation "Striving for meaning in a diminishing world: Older persons' experiences of reflective STRENGTH-giving dialogues including a digital tool".

The dissertation examines the conversational method Reflective STRENGTH-giving dialogues, which have been shown to promote healthy aging.

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On 13 May, Carolina Bergerum presented her dissertation "Patient and public involvement in hospital quality improvement interventions: the mechanisms, monitoring and management".

The purpose of the dissertation was to generate knowledge about what works - or does not work - and why it works in different ways when patients are involved in the hospitals' improvement work.

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On May 20, Sandra Öberg defended her dissertation with "The Hit-IT project - the development and evaluation of an internet-based complex intervention for primary healthcare patients with cardiovascular disease and insomnia".

The aim of the dissertation was to develop and evaluate a nurse-led internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT treatment), specifically designed for patients with cardiovascular disease and insomnia.

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Andreas Gremyr defended his dissertation on 25 May with "Improving Health with and for Individuals with Schizophrenia Using a Learning Health System Approach: From idea to daily practice".

The main purpose of the dissertation is to increase the understanding of LHS and its usefulness in schizophrenia and psychosis care in co-creation (when different actors jointly create knowledge, research results and other things of common interest) of better health. This from both the patient's and the health care perspective.

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Dip Raj Thapa defended his dissertation on June 1 with "A Health-Promoting Approach to Maintain and Sustain Health in Women-Dominated Work in Nepal and Sweden".

The dissertation focuses on studying factors that are important for health in working life for female-dominated occupations in Nepal and in Sweden.

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Ida Åström-Malm defended her dissertation on 2 June with the dissertation "Clinical aspects of arterial wall stiffness with a focus on abdominal aortic aneurysm".

The dissertation sheds light on the complex connections between artery wall stiffness, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The results contribute new knowledge about the connections between arterial stiffness, abdominal aortic aneurysm and the function of the left ventricle.

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On June 3, Hanna Ahonen defended her dissertation with "The multifaceted concept of oral health: Studies on a Swedish general population and perspectives of persons with experience of long-term CPAP-treated obstructive sleep apnea".

The dissertation examines oral health in two populations - a general adult population and a specific adult population where individuals with hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea are included.

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Yvonne Johansson defended her dissertation on 8 June with the dissertation "Delirium in elderly patients who are cared for in hospital: identification of symptoms, signs and risk factors as well as recorded care measures".

Delirium, which is common in elderly patients in hospitals, is an acute and serious condition with negative consequences for the patient as well as for relatives, healthcare professionals and healthcare. It is important that delirium is prevented, identified and treated. Despite this, the level of knowledge about delirium is low in hospitals and delirium is often unidentified and untreated.

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Catarina Tingsvik defended her dissertation "Weaning from mechanical ventilation - from the patient, next-of-kin and healthcare professionals' perspective" on 10 June.

The overall aim of the thesis was to explore and describe the process when weaning patients from invasive mechanical ventilation in the ICU from thepatient, next-of-kin, and health care professionals’ perspective.

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